Rome, Diadumenian Tyre mint AE 25 218 AD
Obv: Bare head cuirassed bust right
The Phoenician Petekonter
9th-4th Century BC:
Sailing was the main method of transportation in the ancient world.
The prototype for the famous Greek trireme was the pentekonter, a
ship developed in the ninth century BC by the Phoenicians. The pentkonter
was a long, shallow-draft vessel with a single row of twenty-five
oars on each side. It had a bronze ram in front that was the standard
for all future war ships. A line of shields placed along the sides,
provided by the soldiers, who also manned the vessel, protected the
oarsmen. These ships and the great naval capabilities of the sailors
themselves made the Phoenician pentekonters the choice of the Persians
for their imperial navy. This close relationship may have been the
inspiration as a design type that continued in use on the coins of
the Phoenician cities.