History Egypt Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos 80 - 51 BC
Son of Ptolemy IX by a Greek concubine. Ptolemy XII's father had competed
for the throne with his brother Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX ruled Egypt from
116 BC to 106 BC than fled to Cyprus when his brother Ptolemy X took the
thone from 106 BC - to 88 BC. In 88 BC, Ptolemy X was driven out of Egypt
and murdered at sea. Ptolemy the IX returned to the throne from 88 - 80
BC. Upon Ptolemy IX's death his son, Ptolemy XII, fled to Parthia under
protection of the Parthian king Mithradates VI. The son of Ptolemy X (Ptolemy
XI) took the throne by marrying his step-mother, wife of Ptolemy IX - then
killed her. The people of Alexandria were outraged and killed Ptolemy XI
after only 19 days of rule and recalled Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XII was a
weak ruler under the influence of Rome. He was unpopular and nick named
"Auletes" (the flute player). He was eventually driven out of Egypt and
fled to Rome. While Ptolemy XII was in Rome, his daughter Bernice conspired
with her husband "Archelaus" (a friend of Mithridates VI) to take over rule
of Egypt. Meanwhile, Ptolemy XII was organizing his return. He paid
a large bribe to Julius Caesar to get recognition from Rome and paid the
Roman pro-consul in Syria "Gabinius" another bribe to acquire 3 legions.
Ptolemy XII retook his throne and had Archelaus and Bernice killed. He ruled
for an additional 4 years, but only with the support of Roman troops.
Polemy XII died in 51 BC and eventually was succeeded by his daugher
the famous Cleopatra VII.