History of Naples
A Greek colony of Rhodes, but recolonized by Kymaians around 600 BC.
Originally named Parthenope (for the Mermaid) and later changed to Palaepolis.
Colonist from Cuma renamed the city Neapolis (new city) around 450 BC.
Like many Greek cities, Neapolis was independent and did not join any Greek
confederations. As a lone city, it was easily dominated by any empire and at
various times was under the control of Oscans, Umbrians, Etruscans, and Campanians.
Allied to Rome in 326 BC. Neapolis was the main commercial port into Campanian. The city
maintained its Greek character, therefore was a popular tourist resort for
Romans. The city grew with the addition of inhabitants from Herculaneum and
Pompey after their destruction in 79 AD. Pliny describes the area of Campanian as
a region blessed by Fortune.