Roman Republic Brutus Aurius 43 - 42 BC

Obv: Roman Consul, Lucius Brutus in center, accompanied by two lictors, BR monogram to left, KOSON (in Greek) in ex
Rev: Eagle standing left on sceptre, holding wreath
Metal: Gold 8.56 grams, 19.4mm diameter. Condition: uncirculated.

Gold coinage attributed to Brutus. The coin copies an issue by Brutus when he was moneyer with his ancestor "Lucius Brutus" between two lictors with the initial "BR" were issue by an unknown Thracian or Scythian "King" named "Koson" probably in association with Brutus' actions and his being hailed Imperator in Thace in 43 BC..

History of Marcus Junius Brutus

Brutus claimed decent from Lucius Brutus, who in 509 BC is credited with expelling the last king to rule Rome (Tarquinius Superbus) and subsequently served as the first consul of Rome. Brutus was proud of his republican ancestry. He was well educated and a member of an elite family. He was also a good friend of Julius Caesar who considered him his protege and maybe his son, born of an affair with Brutus' mother "Servilia". Despite their relationship Caesar and Brutus were in conflict on affairs of state. Brutus joined with Pompey, even so Caesar ordered that Brutus was not to be hurt and after the defeat at the Battle of Pharasalus Brutus was appointed legate in Cilicia and later proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul and finally in 44 BC Brutus was appointed to a "praetorship urbanus" in Rome. Despite all that he owned to Caesar, Brutus could not tolerate Caesar as a tyrant and participated in Caesar's assassination on the ides of March 44 BC.

After Caesar's assassination, Brutus went to Greece where he gained support. In the summer of 43 BC Brutus campaigned against the Bessi in Thrace, where he was hailed Imperator. In early 42 BC, Cassius and Brutus met at Smyrna where they planned for the upcoming conflict with Octavian and Mark Antony. This was followed by Brutus' successful campaign in Lycia with the help of his fleet commander "Casca". Brutus and Cassius met again in the summer of 42 BC, where they planned their war against Octavian and Antony and departed for Greece. In the summer of 42 BC, the two armies met at Philippi in norther Greece. There was 2 battles about 3 weeks apart in October 42 BC. The first battle was won through some fast action by Brutus, but apparently Cassius thought the battle was lost and commited suicide. The second battle started out good for Brutus, but soon turned against him. Brutus escaped with a handful of close friends and committed suicide on 23 October 42 BC.