Macedon (Tyre mint) Demetrios Poliorketes Tetradrachm 294 - 288 BC

Obv: Head of Hercules right wearing lion skin headdress. Rev: Zeus seated left holding eagle and scepter, club in circle before & monogram beneath throne. Greek letters DHMHTRIOU RUISIUEO ΔΗΜΗΤΫΙΟΥΕ ΡΥΙΣΙΥΟ

Metal: Silver 17.09 grams, 25 mm diameter. Tyre mint. Condition: VF very worn obverse die (as always for this issue).

This is a very rare coin struck in 286 BC, listed as "Tyrus Rediviva Reconsidered" in ANSAJA 10 (1998); Hersh 42 XV/XI (same dies) Newell 29 (same dies). Very rare with only 14 known examples from two obverse dies.

<Alexander Riding Bucephalus> 
History of Macedon - Demetrios Poliorketes ( 294 - 288 BC)

Demetrios Poliorketes was the son of Antigonus who on the distribution of Alexander's empire received Asia Minor (Turkey). During his early years Demetrios served as commander of his father's fleet. Demetrios participated in campaigns in Greece, Palestine, Cyprus, Babylonia, Rhodes and the Hellespont and became known as (Besieger of Cities). In 306 BC, Demetrios won a naval battle against Ptolemy I at Salamis. The growing power of Antigonus began to worry the other heirs of Alexander and they made an alliance against Antigonus. At the great battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, Antigonus was defeated and died on the battle field. Demetrios escaped and met his fleet at Ephesus. Knowing that Asia Minor was lost he made for Athens to maintain control of his Greek possessions, but when he arrived he found them already in open revolt. This caused a change of plans and he returned East where he still retained a few cities, such as; Ephesus, Tyre, Miletus, Caunus. Sidon and Cyprus. In particular, he found Salamis, Cyprus a secure base with its powerful fortress and where he had fought his historic battle against Ptolemy I. While Demetrios was in Cyprus, Seleucus I offered Demetrios an alliance and requested to marry Demetrios's daughter (Stratonice). Demetrios immediately set sail for Syria. However, he made a detour to the city of Kyinda where the remainder of Alexander's treasure (some 1200 talents) was located. In a bold move, Demetrios ceased the treasure from the control of Pleistarcus (brother of Cassander) and ruler of Cilicia.

With his new wealth, Demetrios returned to Greece to take back the rebellious cities. While he was fighting these battles, Cassander died in 297 BC, leaving Macedonia to his eldest son who also died within the year. Cassander's two younger sons bickered for control and in 294 BC Demetrios took the opportunity to declare himself king of Macedonia. With his new power base, Demetrios started a military buildup to take control of all of Alexander the Great's former territories. However, the population was weary of supporting all of the wars and rebelled. Macedonia and Thessaly joined Pyrrhus and most of the Greek cities just returned to independence. Although he ruled Macedonia only until 288 BC, Demetrios established a long lasting dynasty of kings.

Demetrios still refused to give-up, collecting his navy and remaining followers, he attacked Asia Minor with some success - regained control of Tyre in 286 BC. The armies of Lysimachus under the leadership of Agothocles pushed Demetrios out of each of the cities he controlled and back to the sea (his only real territory). Demetrios with his diminishing army retreated over the Taurus mountains into the hands of Seleucus I. The ensuring battles left Demetrios with only a handful of men and he eventually pleaded with Seleucus I for mercy. He was put on house arrest on an estate in Apamera Syria, where he drank himself to death.