Persian Siglos 505 - 480 BC

Obv: Archer running. Rev: Punch mark. Metal: Silver 5.4 grams, 14 mm diameter. Condition: near VF

History Persia

The Persian Empire was established by Cyrus the Great who defeated Croesus of Lydia in 546 BC and Babylon in 539 BC. The empire stretched from India to the Mediteranian. After the defeat of Lydia, the great king took notice of the use of coins and liked the idea.  The Persians continued production of Lydian siglos, at first with the facing lion and bull, but slowly replaced with the Persian archer which continued to the fall of the empire. Cyrus died in 529 BC.  His son Cambyses, who was a spoiled and  poor ruler, died while invading Egypt.  Following  Cambyses death there were some palace intriques, but eventual Darius I came to the throne. Darius I planned to continue the expansion of the empire by invading Greece, but he died in 485 BC, and Cyrus's grandson Xerexs became king in 485 BC. Xerexs led the unsuccessful invasion of Greece and died in 465 BC. The last king of Persia was Darius III who was defeated by Alexander the Great at the battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC. After the battle he fled to Media, but was killed en route by his own men.