Tyre, Selucid Antiochus III Tetradrachm 223 - 187 BC 

Obv: Diademed head right
. Rev: Nude Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and bow, torch symbol and "A"
Metal: Silver 17.33 grams, 31 mm diameter. Condition: VF

 <Attacking the Walls of Babylon>
History of Antiochus III of Syria

Antiochus III ascended to the thrown at the age of 19 upon the death of his brother Seleucus III. He was able, dynamic and ambitions and gained the title "Antiochus the Great". He immediately set out to regain the former glory of the Seleucid empire, but he first had to settle internal affairs. He retook Babylon from the rebellious Satrap Mohon. He returned to Syria but was severely defeated by the Egyptians at Raphia. He returned to Asia Minor and after two years of fighting he crucified his cousin "Arcaeus" and recovered most of the Seleucid possessions of Asia Minor. He than headed East and attacked the Parthians driving them back. He than attacked Bactria and after much fighting they agreed upon a truce. He than headed for India via Afghanistan and eastern Persia gaining submission of local princes and kings and accumulating many elephants. He than returned to Babylon and prepared for another confrontation with Egypt (Ptolemy V). Within two years, he had secured the entire country right to the borders of Egypt. He than headed back to Asia Minor to recover the remaining parts of the old Seleucid empire, i.e., Pergamum and Thrace. This would bring him into direct conflict with Rome. Rome prepared for war, but in the meantime sent ambassadors with warnings. Antiochus by this time felt invincible and invaded Greece proper. He was acclaimed by the Aetolians, but the rest of Greece were too familiar with the might of Rome to change allegiance. In 191 BC, Rome re-took Greece and in 190 BC under the Consul Scipio invaded Asia Minor and routed Antiochus at the Battle of Magnesia (December 190 BC). After the defeat he was forced to hand over all of Asia Minor, pay a tribute of 15 thousand talents and deliver his son to Rome as a hostage. As a result of this impoverishment most of the outlying provences successfully revolted leaving Antiochus III with only Syria, Mesopotamia and Media. Antiochus III died in 187 BC while attempting to plunder the temple of Bel in Susiana.